CyberArk Enterprise Vault – The only Enterprise Vault tutorial you need

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CyberArk Enterprise Vault

CyberArk uses “safe “architecture to enable the granular access control. Safes and vault are protected with seven layers of security

Enterprise Vault Server lockdown – only allows RDP from preconfigured IP’s. Any external components to be used should be manually allowed in the vault. Vault administration activities can be done through – PrivateArk Client, or Remote-Control Agent.

  • Vault Configuration options are setup in some critical files on vault.
  • Operator keys are required for vault to start/restart.
  • Master keys are required for vault to be restored.

  • Vault can provide transparent user management through several options:
  • RADIUS: (IAS, Vasco, Mideye, etc)
  • PKI Authentication: (uses certificate)
  • LDAP Authentication (AD)
  • RSA Secure ID
  • External Directory: (AD, Novell, Sun, etc, ones that use LDAP protocol)

Identity management – SAFE’s

In the Identity Management safe’s Password & Other object are stored within SAFE’s. And the Safe sets & restricts are accessed to objects in CyberArk – with fine grained access options. Objects and related metadata are stored in the same Safe.

  • Internal safes exist for access to objects for CyberArk functionality: vault administrators have access for these safes.
  • User created Safes give only default users access as defined in the vault (for Backup, DR, etc)
  • Other access setup is done either from PVWA or PrivateArk Client.

SAFE’s Access Control

  • Access setup on each SAFE as access list.
  • Fine Grained Access Control Options
  • Setup users in Vault or in External Directory (AD)
  • Object Level Access Control – optional

CyberArk Basic Component – CPM

The Central Policy Manager

  • Breakthrough in password management automatically enforcing password policy
  • Installed on a Windows 2008/2012 R2 machine and runs as a Windows service, .Net framework required
  • Password management functions (automatic/manual) are carried out by Password Manager user
  • Connects to devices and changes passwords on remote machines (before storing password in vault)
  • Enforces all policy rules setup per platform
  • Verify, Change, Reconcile of passwords automatically

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CPM – Devices & Platforms supported

  • Platforms specified during Password addition controls: Password change frequency, notification settings, etc.
  • Platform settings should be set to match rules on the remote machine for password complexity.
  • Predefined platform settings are available for accounts types to be managed and can be edited.
  • Platform Settings can be customized for Workflows & Automatic Account management rules.
  • Multiple Supported platform for different device types (Operating System, Databases, Network Devices, Security Appliances, Applications, Directory Services)
  • More can be added through support packages made available by CyberArk.

CPM – Policy’s

  • Contains the password management rules (Password Criteria, Rules, Frequency)
  • Policy is defined configured from PVWA and stored in Vault.
  • Master Policy is created for managing accounts to meet enterprise password rules.
  • Policy has basic rules (account management, session monitoring, auditing and access workflow).
  • Some basic rules have associated advanced options.
  • Specific Platform related rules are set through exceptions to customize how to manage a password based on environment.

CyberArk Basic Component – PVWA

Password Vault Web Access

  • Password Vault Web Access provides a web interface.
  • Provides single console for accessing, managing, and administrating accounts
  • Enables users to easily perform: privileged passwords addition, setup access, perform audit, extract reports, vault admin, configuration functions.
  • Powerful search mechanism enables to find privileged passwords and sensitive files easily.
  • Dashboard provides an overview of privileged account security solution and statistics.
  • PVWA supports various authentication mechanisms (LDAP, NT, RADIUS, RSA Secure ID, Oracle, CyberArk)

Mahesh J

Mahesh J

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Hello all! I’m a nature’s child, who loves the wild, bringing technical knowledge to you restyled.